BCG treatment causes an immune or allergic reaction in the bladder. It has been shown to kill cancer cells on the lining of the bladder.
BCG treatment can only be given when the bladder is healed from the TURBT and there is no sign of infection or bleeding. Normally, BCG is given once a week for six weeks. Each time, the patient is asked to hold the drug in the bladder for two hours.
After the six-weeks of treatment the urologist might suggest maintenance therapy using BCG to reduce the chance of the tumor recurring. This usually involves three weeks of BCG every three months or six months for up to two to three years. There have been shortages of BGC in Australia. Check with your doctor on availability.
There are often side effects form BCG treatment. Ask your urologist what signs and symptoms to look out for, as well as instructions you should follow after your BCG treatment.